The French social welfare system is up for reform through the newly proposed Individual Activity Accounts, which aim to make social benefits universal, mobile and on-demand. If the reforms are implemented as proposed, social benefits will be used more efficiently and distributed more equitably.
While a fair bit of data is actually available online, it’s not in a machine readable format. The data is either in a .pdf file or inside tables on multiple web pages. Data available in these formats is difficult to analyze as it usually cannot be read by any statistical software.
As the employment and activity rates for men are already quite high in Japan, there is limited scope to further increase the number of men participating in the economy. So in order to significantly increase the total size of Japan’s workforce, there must be an increase in women’s participation in the labor force.
The relationship between urbanization and economic growth may actually be tenuous, and the relationship with formal economy job creation even more so. This is particularly true of newly urban and rapidly urbanizing regions of Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.