This research project will assess how participation in global value chains (GVCs) affects the quantity and quality of employment in the ASEAN region. Employment is the cornerstone of ‘inclusive industrialization’ – an explicit goal of Sustainable Development Goal # 9. The project will examine GVC participation through a sectoral lens, by examining the electronics sectors in Vietnam and the Philippines and the apparel sectors in Vietnam and Myanmar. It will assess how firm and worker characteristics vary at different stages of production in the electronics and apparel value chains. The project will analyze how GVC participation differs based on gender, and whether women have equal access to higher-value-added activities within the supply chain. Through primary data collection, the project will garner information on the goals that different stakeholders – governments, firms and workers – seek to achieve through GVC participation and whether GVC participation has delivered on their expectations to date.
This investigation will shed light on what ‘inclusive industrialization’ means in practice and
will recommend a policy approach that can promote GVC participation and upgrading in ways that support “inclusive industrialization.”
The project, supported by the International Development Research Center, started in September 2016 and is a two-and-a-half-year research effort.