From Education to Employability: A Case Study on Bangladesh

1 December 2017

This study locates the gap between education and employability in Bangladesh, and offers recommendations to improve outcomes and foster inclusive economic growth.

Bangladesh has bolstered its quest for economic growth and prosperity by achieving significant progress in access to education and investing in skills training programs. Yet youth unemployment rates remain high, indicating a gap between education and employment outcomes. The quality and relevance of education for the labour market remain subpar, and the education system has struggled to keep pace with evolving labour market demands. The separation of education and skills training systems is limiting the potential of Bangladeshi youth. To create a workforce that is educated, skilled, and employable, these systems must be integrated and coordinated effectively.

This case study provides an overview of the country’s education and skills landscape, highlights existing gaps, and offers recommendations to enhance youth employability. The research involved data collection from various stakeholders,  including secondary education and vocational training providers, current students, employers, and policymakers. The study employs both qualitative and quantitative research methods to gather insights, beginning with interviews to understand concerns related to education and training systems and progressing to surveys of students and workers in sectors with a significant presence of secondary school graduates. It aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of Bangladesh’s education and skills landscape to inform policy improvements and ultimately enhance youth employability.